Shin Splints

Definition of Shin Splints

Shin splints are a common lower extremity complaint, especially among runners and other athletes. They are characterized by pain in the front or inside aspect of the lower leg due to overexertion of the muscles. The pain usually develops gradually without a history of trauma, and might begin as a dull ache along the front or inside of the shin (Tibia) after running or even walking. Small bumps and tender areas may become evident adjacent to the shin bone. The pain can become more intense if not addressed, and shin splints should not be left untreated because of an increased risk of developing stress fractures. Shin splints usually involve small tears in the leg muscles where they are attached to the shin bone. The two types of shin splints are: anterior shin splints, in the front portion of the tibia; and posterior shin splints, occurring on the inside of the leg along the tibia.

Recommended Footwear

Apex shoes are constructed with innovative materials and design, making these the best shoes for preventing shin splints. Each shoe features superior shock absorption to reduce impact on the lower leg muscles when running or jogging. In addition, Apex shoes provide biomechanically-contoured arch support to prevent over-pronation, which can exert undue strain on the lower leg muscles. Finally, each shoe includes a set of two removeable inserts to accommodate prefabricated or custom inserts and that help achieve the perfect fit. For additional relief, Apex has developed the most innovative suite of prefabricated orthotics available anywhere.

Cause of Shin Splints

Shin splints can be caused when the anterior leg muscles are stressed by running, especially on hard surfaces or extensively on the toes, or by sports that involve jumping. Wearing athletic shoes that are worn out or don't have enough shock absorption can also cause this condition. Over-pronated (flat feet) are another factor that can lead to increased stress on the lower leg muscles during exercise. People with high arched feet can also experience shin splint discomfort because this foot type is a poor shock absorber.

Treatment and Prevention of Shin Splints

The best way to prevent shin splints is to stretch and strengthen the leg muscles, wear footwear with good shock absorption, and avoid running on hard surfaces or excessive running or jumping on the ball-of-the-foot. Insoles or orthotics that offer arch support for over-pronation are also important. Treatment for shin splints should include taking a break from the exercise that is causing the problem until pain subsides. Icing the area immediately after running or other exercise can also be effective, along with gentle stretching before and after training. Another option is taking aspirin or ibuprofen to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. It is important not to try to train through the pain of shin splints. Runners should decrease mileage for about a week and avoid hills or hard surfaces. If a muscle imbalance, poor running form or flat feet are causing the problem, a long-term solution might involve a stretching and strengthening program and orthotics that support the foot and correct over-pronation. In more severe cases, ice massage, electrostimuli, heat treatments and ultra-sound might be used.

*If the problem persists, consult your foot doctor.

FOOTWEAR RECOMMENDED FOR: Shin Splints

Price: $147.95
Soft, light and beautiful, the Emmy offers maximum comfort and protection. It is the perfect choice for women who need superior support and adjustability. Full-grain leather upper Monk-strap design for optimum fit and adjustability Stretch fabric at...
Sale
Sale Price: $79.99
Original Price: $147.95
Soft, light and beautiful, Jane provides maximum comfort and protection. It is the perfect choice for women who need superior support and adjustability. Adjustable heel counter Full-grain leather uppers Soft fabric moisture-wicking...
Sale
Sale Price: $79.99
Original Price: $147.95
Soft, light and beautiful, Apex Petals collection provides maximum comfort and protection. Adjustable heel counter Full-grain leather uppers Soft fabric moisture-wicking lining 5/16" removable depth in 2 layers Roomy toe-box design Qualifies for...
Price: $147.95
The Linda is a versatile shoe with elegant detailing that delivers maximum comfort and protection. The classic monk-strap design with hook-and-loop strap allows for easy entry and accommodates different insteps. Full-grain leather upper and soft fabric...
Price: $147.95
The Linda is a versatile shoe with elegant detailing that delivers maximum comfort and protection. The classic monk-strap design with hook-and-loop strap allows for easy entry and accommodates different insteps. Full-grain leather upper and soft fabric...
Price: $147.95
A feminine Mary Jane with hook-and-loop strap for adjustability. With its incredibly lightweight structure and removable double depth, the Lisa is the perfect choice for those who need superior support and adjustability, without the added weight...
Sale
Sale Price: $89.95
Original Price: $147.95
A feminine Mary Jane with hook-and-loop strap for adjustability. With its incredibly lightweight structure and removable double depth, the Lisa is the perfect choice for those who need superior support and adjustability, without the added weight...
Price: $147.95
Mary Jane Shoes A feminine Mary Jane with hook-and-loop strap for adjustability. With its incredibly lightweight structure and removable double depth, the Lisa is the perfect choice for those who need superior support and adjustability, without the...
Price: $147.95
Miranda is a classic Mary Jane in stretch-fabric upper that provides unmatched comfort and customization for any type of feet. It features a hook-and-loop strap that allows easy entry and offers maximum adjustability. Its full-grain leather accents add a...
Sale
Sale Price: $89.95
Original Price: $147.95
The Olivia fisherman style is appropriate for both warm and cool weather due to its unique cut-out design. An adjustable hook-and-loop strap and padded heel collar provides maximum comfort for all-day wear. SATRA certified slip-resistant...
Sale
Sale Price: $89.95
Original Price: $147.95
The Olivia fisherman style is appropriate for both warm and cool weather due to its unique cut-out design. An adjustable hook-and-loop strap and padded heel collar provides maximum comfort for all-day wear. SATRA certified slip-resistant...
Price: $147.95
An intricate perforated slip-on design with hook-and-loop strap for adjustability, the Regina delivers maximum comfort and protection. Its full-grain leather upper and soft fabric linings wick moisture away from the foot and create a healthy foot...
Sale
Sale Price: $49.99
Original Price: $147.95
An intricate perforated slip-on design with hook-and-loop strap for adjustability, the Regina delivers maximum comfort and protection. Its full-grain leather upper and soft fabric linings wick moisture away from the foot and create a healthy foot...
Price: $147.95
Regina Shoes An intricate perforated slip-on design with hook-and-loop strap for adjustability, the Regina delivers maximum comfort and protection. Its full-grain leather upper and soft fabric linings wick moisture away from the foot and create a...
Sale
Sale Price: $79.99
Original Price: $147.95
This classic oxford is the perfect choice for women who need superior support and adjustability. Robyn is crafted from rich supple leathers. Its feminine design is ready for every occasion. Full-grain leather upper Intricate chop-out and stitch...
Sale
Sale Price: $79.99
Original Price: $147.95
Classic oxford delivers maximum coverage and provides superior comfort and protection. Full-grain leather upper Intricate chop-out and stitch detailing Feather lightweight structure 5/16” removable depth in two layers Roomy toe-box...
Sale
Sale Price: $79.99
Original Price: $147.95
Soft, light and beautiful, this feminine boat shoe is the lightest fashion-forward therapeutic shoe ever made. Soft, breathable mesh linings Slip-resistant rubber outsole for traction and stability 5/16" removable depth in 2 layers Roomy...
Price: $147.95
Sydney Boat Shoe Soft, light and beautiful, this feminine boat shoe is the lightest fashion-forward therapeutic shoe ever made. Soft, breathable mesh linings Slip-resistant rubber outsole for traction & stability 5/16" removable depth in 2...
Sale
Sale Price: $89.95
Original Price: $147.95
Apex Running and Walking shoes are constructed with the most advanced technological features and represent the highest standards in performance and comfort. V-Last for superior stability 5/16" removable depth in 2 layers for fitting...