There are three types of foot arches: flat arch (low), medium arch (normal), and high arch. Wearing certain kinds of shoes or inserts that support your arch type can alleviate foot pain and help prevent possible foot conditions down the road.

So, how do you know what arch type you have?

An easy way to find out is by dipping your foot in water, then stepping on a surface that will give you a clear print (like a piece of cardboard) of your foot. Below, we explain how to identify your results and what kind of footwear is recommended for your arch type.

Flat Arch (Low)

If the middle of your footprint looks filled in and like a complete foot, you have flat arches. Low arches can play a role in joint problems and muscle stress. One way to combat this is to wear shoes that have soles or inserts that are on the flat side. Shoes that aid in motion control are another good option for this arch type because it will help keep the foot in a neutral position while you walk.

Medium Arch (Normal)

You have a medium arch if the middle part of your foot is half filled. So, your arch naturally supports your body weight and rolls in (pronates) under a normal load. Shoes to look for that support normal arches have firm midsoles or inserts and moderate rear-foot stability. The footprint and sole that the rest of the shoe built around should be straight or semi-curved for this arch type. Apex uses 3 different footprints that provide benefits unique to that specific print.

High Arch

You have high arches if your footprint has very little filling in the middle. If this is you, you probably experience strain in your joints and muscles often. This may be because your feet do not absorb shock well. This is common for those with high arches, especially when participating in activities that are high impact or involve a lot of jumping. Shoes or inserts with cushioning will be your best bet to counter stress or strain of your joints and muscles because it helps with shock absorption

A curved sole is also recommended for those with high arches.

Each arch type comes with its own challenges, so it is important to know which type you have. Properly identifying your arch type will help you provide better support for your feet – and inevitably – the rest of your body.

See what Apex Foot Health can do for you and your arches today!